Trail of the Month: February 2004
Longleaf Trace, Mississippi
At 41 miles, the Longleaf Trace is the longest rail-trail in the south central United States, connecting Mississippi's third-largest city, Hattiesburg, with the timber town of Prentiss to the northwest. Most of the trail—more than 39 miles beginning just west of Hattiesburg—opened on Labor Day 2000 along with a 26-mile equestrian trail paralleling the Trace. Recently, a two-mile stretch was constructed that brings the trail to the University of Southern Mississippi campus in Hattiesburg.
Surfaced with asphalt, the trail cuts through the heart of Piney Woods country, named for the vast forests of longleaf and slash pine that once crowned the low hills between Jackson, Miss., and the Gulf Coast. As trail users pedal along, evergreens dominate the scenery. Flanking the straight-aways and sweeping turns, their top branches reach 50 feet or more above the ground. At rhythmic intervals the trees recede, revealing a savannah of deep-green rye grass dotted with tan hay bales, a cow or two and an occasional long gravel driveway ending at the carport of a well-tended brick farmhouse.
The Trace winds through small farm towns such as Bassfield, where a general store stocks washboards and canning supplies and sells eggs and produce from nearby truck gardens. The scenery changes subtly in Prentiss. The trail drapes across the broad, sandy Jaybird Creek hugged by a dense forest of hardwood trees. Climbing from the creek bottom into Prentiss may leave bicyclists huffing and puffing, just as freight trains running this route years ago struggled to make the grade.
Even before it opened, the Trace was a hit. Jim Moore, a Hattiesburg bicycle shop owner who helped mobilize support for the trail, notes, "We couldn't keep people off of it while we were building it."
Trail manager Herlon Pierce confirms the trail's appeal. "One morning I counted nearly 100 people on the trail in just a few hours. And the trail wasn't even open yet." One of the charms of the Trace, says Pierce, is how little this Mississippi territory has changed over the years. While Biloxi to the south was founded 300 years ago and Natchez to the east had more millionaires per capita than any southern city in the early 19th century, the Piney Woods remained wild and sparsely settled well after the Civil War.
The development of the Trace was assisted immeasurably by the railbanking provision that was added to the National Trails System Act in 1983, which allows for interim trails use on railroad corridors and preserves the corridor for possible rail use in the future. In addition, the Trace also benefited immensely from the creation in 1994 of the Pearl to Leaf Rivers Rails-to-Trails Recreational District, which is managed by a local board of directors and is responsible today for managing and maintaining the trail.
As the Longleaf Trace continues to grow—work is underway to extend the trail into downtown Hattiesburg—local residents' enthusiasm for the trail remains high. As Moore says, "When I see families using the trail, teaching younger children to bicycle or just strolling along looking at the trees