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Eisenbahn State Trail, WI
Many rail-trails are next to private residences.


NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard): Landowners or residents who generally oppose any changes or development near their property.

Recreational Use Statute (RUS): Legislation that has been enacted in all 50 states to grant landowners and public agencies broad immunity from liability for personal injuries or property damage suffered by pursuing recreational activities.

Trails glossary and acronyms.


RTC Resources

Secrets of Successful Rail-Trails, Chapter 4 – "Working with Landowners and Opposition"

Fact Sheet: Working with Trail Opponents

Fact Sheet: The Economic Benefits of Rail-Trails

Report: Rail-Trails and Safe Communities

Report: Rail-Trails and Liability

RTC's Meeting in a Box Toolkit

Ask Our Listserv: Learn about trail development from the experts! Join our listserv to be connected to over 900 trail managers, advocates, and builders across the country.

Go to RTC's Trails and Greenways Publication Library

For more information, please contact the appropriate regional or national office.


Additional Resources

International Mountain Biking Association: Landowner Liability (Recreational Use Statute information)

American Trails: Impact of Trails and Trail Use


Trail Studies and Reports

Project Report for Property Value/Desirability Effects of Bike Paths Adjacent to Residential Areas. Prepared for Delaware Center For Transportation and Delaware Department of Transportation, November 2006.

Evaluation of the Burke-Gilman Trail's Effect on Property Values and Crime Seattle Engineering Department, Seattle, Washington. December 1987. 42 pp.

The Impact of the Little Miami Scenic Trail on Single Family Residential Property Values A thesis submitted by Duygu Karadeniz, University of Cincinnati, 2008.

Omaha Recreational Trails, Their Effect on Property Values and Public Safety by Donald L. Greer, University of Nebraska at Omaha, June 2000.

Parks and Trails New York – Getting Involved: A Community Trail Handbook for Landowners

The Pennsylvania Greenways Partnership's Creating Connections: The Pennsylvania Greenways and Trails How-To Manual , Chapter 6, "Working with Landowners and Neighbors"

Michigan State University has conducted extensive research on the Pere Marquette Rail-Trail, including studies on residential attitudes.

The Indiana Trails Study – The Eppely Institute at Indiana University examines user characteristics and impacts to adjacent property owners on six multi-use trails in Indiana.



Opposition and Neighbors

Explore the latest resources on this topic:

Neighbors in RTC TrailBlog
Neighbors in the Library

Some rail-trail conversions face opposition from landowners living alongside or near the corridors. Lack of information and unanswered criticism of trail proposals usually fuel this opposition and lead to misconceptions, including confusion related to property rights issues, concerns that property values will drop and liability will increase, and fears of increased crime such as littering, trespassing, burglary and vandalism.

A large majority of trail opponents find that their fears about the trail never materialize, and numerous studies refute that rail-trails increase crime, lower property values or introduce new liability claims. Ironically, in fact, adjacent residents almost invariably become enthusiastic trail users and supporters within a few years of a trail's creation. The key is to address people's initial fears early and openly, and then opponents can begin to recognize the trail as a positive community amenity.

Read first-hand experiences of two former trail opponents who came to embrace rail-trail development in their community.

Tips for Working with Adjacent Landowners and Opposition

You can take various approaches when working with people who may oppose your rail-trail project. But in general, you should always stress the benefits of rail-trails and keep adjacent landowners involved in the process. Use the Meeting in a Box and other RTC resources to support your case and develop presentation materials for meetings with the community. Here are 10 techniques you may find helpful:

  1. Reach out
    Don't wait for nearby residents to learn about your proposal by reading about it in the newspaper. Talk to them directly, either by traveling door-to-door, circulating an open letter or giving a presentation at a community gathering.
  2. Listen
    Take time to understand why adjacent landowners are opposed to the trail. Many of their concerns stem from fear of the unknown. Listen carefully, address specific concerns and try to arrive at solutions that benefit as many people as possible. While you may think these concerns are unreason­able, your opponents take their interests, however misinformed they might seem to you, seriously. Never trivialize your opposition's concerns.
  3. Find allies
    Among the people who live adjacent to the proposed rail-trail, you may find bicyclists, walkers, runners, horseback riders, families with active children or individuals with disabilities—all of whom represent likely trail supporters. Seek out these individuals, explain the trail's benefits and urge them to get involved in supporting the project.
  4. Get involved
    Establish a trail advisory committee and ask adjacent residents to serve along with advocates and user groups. Often, when given a chance to participate in the process, a group of adjacent landowners may be more willing to work toward developing solutions.
  5. Enlist converts
    If your group has some travel money, invite an articulate landowner who was once opposed to a rail-trail to come and speak in your community. Hearing the story of how an opponent became a trail advocate can help allay the concerns of future trail neighbors.
  6. Build consensus
    If you are having difficulty building consensus, consider enlisting a third party to identify the concerns of trail opponents and trail supporters. Bring in someone who is respected and trusted by both sides, such as an official from the National Park Service's Rivers, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program or your state Department of Conservation.
  7. Be positive
    Although it may be difficult at times, do not react in anger to claims that trail opponents make. No matter how unpleasant a discussion becomes, always treat everyone with fairness and sincerity. Be firm, factual and reasonable.
  8. Work hard
    Don't let outspoken opponents sidetrack your project. Identify milder opponents of the trail and those individuals who are still undecided. Work hard to address the concerns of these individuals and convert them to your cause—they can add to your majority and help persuade other detractors.
  9. Differentiate
    A completed rail-trail is quite different from an abandoned railroad corridor. Clearly inform people who are unhappy with a littered, overgrown, unmanaged corridor that a developed rail-trail is managed and maintained, has permitted uses and trail rules, and often enhances the surrounding landscape.
  10. Work the media
    Favorable coverage in the media helps defuse the opposition and generate support for your cause. Give your project the best opportunity for positive exposure by supplying television, radio and newspaper reporters and editors with interesting and accurate factual information.

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