This week, the White House and U.S. Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx put forward the GROW AMERICA Act, a bill which would increase funding for transportation infrastructure in the United States. GROW AMERICA includes provisions that could support the development of active transportation networks; that is, infrastructure for human-powered modes of transportation such as walking and biking.
The Act promotes the use of transportation infrastructure as “Ladders of Opportunity” to ensure that every individual in our country has an opportunity to work and to succeed. Key parts of that vision include enhancing active transportation networks by building more trails, sidewalks and bike lanes and increasing pedestrian and bicycle safety.
Some highlights of the Act are as follows:
- The Act designates some metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs)—the local authorities for coordinating transportation planning in metropolitan areas—as ‘high-performance’ and allocates to them an additional 50 percent of Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) funds; TAP is the main federal program that enables trails and other walking and bicycling facilities to be built. This would empower metropolitan areas that are most able to lead with capacity to accelerate development of active transportation networks.
- The Act focuses on connectivity between active transportation, public transportation and roads, with particular attention to disadvantaged areas. It establishes funding for a pilot program that would allow up to 10 metropolitan areas to inventory gaps in connectivity and implement projects that address them. It also establishes a National Connectivity Performance Measure focused on increasing connectivity for low-income communities and people with limited transportation options, creating ladders of opportunities for these individuals.
- The Act makes the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 1998 (TIFIA), which leverages private financing of transportation projects, more accessible for smaller projects. Specifically, it enables the U.S. Department of Transportation to pay fees associated with establishing these projects. However, the provision would be more effective in aiding active transportation networks if it also reduced the size of projects that are eligible.
- The Act promotes the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists by requiring states to implement activities designed to decrease deaths and injuries resulting from accidents. Additionally, if excess highway safety funds are transferred for the purpose of providing additional grants to the states, the act requires that at least 30 percent of those transferred funds must be used for the purpose of pedestrian and bicycle safety if pedestrian and bicycle fatalities are more than 5 percent of the state’s total.
- The Act establishes a new Transportation Trust Fund to replace the existing Highway Trust Fund, recognizing the fact that the new Trust Fund would support a complete transportation system that includes public transit and active transportation—not just highways.
The Act also retains funding for the Transportation Alternative Program (TAP), which includes the Recreational Trails Program, a vital funding source for recreational trails and related facilities around the country.
RTC will work to support and improve provisions that will enhance trails and active transportation networks, and make it safer to walk and bike. We must ensure that the federal government provides increased support for years to come, and implements these program in a way that will make the most of the resources and opportunities available.